top of page
  • Writer's pictureFPC

Part 3. Common Photography Terms & Meanings | M-R

Welcome to the third part of our mini series on common photography terms.


  • Macro – Extreme close-up photography

  • Manual Mode – A camera setting allowing you full control over the aperture, shutter speed and ISO

  • Metering – The measuring of the amount of light; done by the camera or a light meter


  • Neutral Density Filter (ND) – A filter covering the lens opening that reduces the amount of light that enters it without changing the colour of the light. They come in different strengths from 1 stop (of light) to 10 or more. An ND1000 for example reduces the incoming light by around 10 stops allowing for a slower shutter speed

  • Negative Space – The area of a photograph which is effectively empty of interest allowing the eye to be drawn to the subject

  • Noise – Caused by high ISO and low light, this is the grainy look to an image


  • Overexposed – When too much light has entered the camera leaving the image brighter than you might have wanted


  • Panning – A technique whereby you move the camera in sync with a moving subject so when the shutter is pressed the moving image is rendered sharp and the background blurred

  • Pixel – Means ‘pixel element’. This is the smallest element of a photo. Pixels are the building blocks of a whole image

  • Prime Lens – A lens with a fixed focal length. In other words, not a zoom lens!


  • Raw file – Unlike a JPEG, capturing an image in RAW format means you are capturing all the data of the image, none is lost through processing or compression

  • Red eye – Where light from a camera flash hits the red blood vessels in the back of an eye and reflects this colour into the image making the eye look red

  • Reflector – A piece of material for bouncing light, often white, silver or gold

  • Rule of thirds – Used in composition, this is where the scene is split into thirds both vertically and horizontally and the subject is placed on these thirds or intersections of the thirds

42 views0 comments

Recent Posts

See All


bottom of page